Are HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes endotoxin free?

No, HMD Vaku-8 does not claim that any of the HMD Vaku 8 Blood Collection Tubes are endotoxin free.

Are HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes sterile?

Yes, HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes have a sterile interior. Tubes are sterilised by gamma irradiation.

Can HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes be re-sterilised, for introduction into a sterile field?

HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes are irradiated to achieve sterility. These tubes are sterile on the interior only. We do not recommend re-sterilising the tubes.

Difference between 1 ml Insulin & Tuberculin Syringe.

1 ml, Insulin Syringe are of two types – U 40 & U-100 Insulin Syringes. Iin U-40 Insulin Syringes markings on the barrel are upto 40 Units, while in U-100 markings are upto 100 Units.

While in case of 1 ml Tuberculin Syringes the markings are in upto 1 ml.

The above mentioned different markings are based on medication dosage prescribed to the patient.

Difference between 1 way & 2 way I.V.Cannula.

2 way I.V.Cannula has integrated side port through which second line of medication is possible, while in 1 way I.V.Cannula only one port is present for drug delivery.

Difference between Teflon, PTFE & FEP Cannula / Catheter tubing.

Teflon a is the brand name of Dupont for its range of Fluro Polymers – PTFE (Poly Tetra Fluro Ethylene) & FEP (Fluorinated Ethylene). PTFE is relatively superior to FEP in having a lower coefficient of friction which is an important factor to minimise trauma to the blood vessel/Tissue for enabling smooth cannulation. FEP is easier to process and form thinner tips of catheter then PTFE , so where you use a little on friction you gain a lot on initial penetration force

Differentiate between cannula & Introducer Needle?

Cannula is Tubing (eg. Poly Tetra Fluro Ethylene ) which remains inside the body, while Introducer Needle is Stainless Steel needle used for inserting the Catheter / Cannula.

Differentiate between Luer Mount & Luer Lock Syringes?

Luer Mount (LM) Syringes are Syringes which permit needle fixation on to Push fit slip tip attachment, while Luer Lock (LL) Syringes are Syringes which permit more secure fixation with Screw on Locking Collar on a Luer Tip. Luer Tip indicates a 6% Taper and is the universally accepted standard for fitment of connectors medical application for ensuring minimal chances of leakages.

Luer Mount Luer Lock
Luer Mount Luer Lock
Do HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes expire at the beginning or end of the month?

The expiration date on the tube label is stated as a Year/Month. The tubes can be used till the end of the month of its expiry.

Do you plan to launch more device products in the future and what will so special about those products?

We have recently introduced evacuated Blood Collection Tubes to ensure safe collection of Blood and for enabling accurate and reliable automated testing – this is the future for diagnosis for preventive healthcare

Does HMD offer a plain plastic tube, without clot activator?

Yes, we do offer no-additive plastic tubes.

From where you will source for your projects?

Our expansion projects are constantly ongoing. We source equipments from specialist vendors in Europe and Japan

How 3-way stop cock is beneficial?

The unique design of 3-way stop cock facilitates controlled and synchronous infusion of more than one fluid at a single time. It is leakproof, can withstand the pressure applied in normal procedures and has 360-degree smooth tap rotation.

How are auto-disable syringes different from other syringes?

Auto Disable Syringe are Syringe that cannot be reused. They incorporate a mechanism to break or lock the plunger when the injection is given to make the syringe inoperable for being used for second time.

How are HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes packaged?

HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes are packaged with 100 tubes/polystyrene tray and 1,000 tubes/case (10 trays).

How do I obtain quality certificates on HMD Vaku-8 blood collection products?

The product quality certificate (COA) can be provided for any batch of blood Collection tubes, on request.

How do you activate the safety needle?

After removing the needle from the patient, you must activate the safety mechanism by pushing the lever arm forward until the needle tip is completely covered and press the cover against a hard surface until you hear a click sound. It can be activated using one  hand.


How does a safety needle work?

A safety needle comes with a built-in safety mechanism. Once the fluid or medication is injected into a patient’s body, users need to close the needle cover and activate the locking mechanism by pressing the cover cap on to a hard surface. This will protect the users from accidental needle stick injuries and also prevent the reuse of needles.

How is Ribbon packaging better than blister packing?

The plastic lamination of Ribbon packaging has higher puncture & tear resistance than the paper lidding of a blister pack – the sterility assurance factor is therefore relatively superior. Additionally the package doesnot get dusty/dirty/wet in poor handling & transportation, prevalent in underdeveloped / developing nations

How is Volex Catheter superior than Teflon Catheter ?

Volex catheter is superior then Telflon Catheters which have the inherent limitation of Peel Back on attempts of reinsertion or damage to the tip, leading to reduced indwelling period.

Volex Catheters have below mentioned advantages over Teflon Catheter :-

  • Ease of insertion without peelback – making second & third reinsertions possible without having to throw away I. V. Cannulas on unsuccessful cannulation.
  • Extended indwelling period – leading to fewer I. V. Cannulas being consumed.
  • Fewer Complications – Minimum risk of thrombus generation while reducing medication costs.

Pain Advantage

  • Minimal trauma – as the penetration force required is only 30% that of PTFE Catheters.
  • Minimal initimal irritation & risk of phlebitis
How long can the I.V. Cannula stay in the body?

Normally, I.V.Cannula can stay in the body from 24 to 48 hours after insertion, Instances of 48 – 96 hours has also been reported of Cannulation without Thrombophlebitis

How often should IV be flushed?

IV flushing should be performed:

  • Once every 8 hours
  • Before and after administering medication through an IV line
  • After blood sampling
  • In between drugs to prevent mixing of incompatible medications
How should expired HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes be disposed of?

Local waste collectors should be consulted to see what the proper method of disposal is for unused, expired blood collection products.

How Sterilization of Syringe in a Ribbon packing is done?

Sterilization of a Syringe in a Ribbon packing is done by passing Ethylene Oxide gas through perforations in the plastic film through the paper ribbon in the packing

The serrations of the film allows E.O. gas to go through the controlled porosity paper ribbon to permit sterilisation. How Sterilization of Syringe in a Ribbon packing is done
Plastic film covers the paper ribbon for protection and improving puncture resistance
How they are different from similar products available in the market?

Kojak has an involuntary activation of the Auto disabling mechanism, whereas most reuse prevention Syringes manufactured by some of the competitors have a voluntary activated disabling mechanism for reuse prevention

Path for the Industry?

* Upgrade:
1) Manufacturing & testing facilities
2) Management competencies
3) Quality management systems
* Get ISO 13485 certification from internationally accredited organizations
* Get registration & certification from a GHTF member country.
* Self regulation / Dialogue with MOH to assist in building the regulatory framework.


*Needle for single use only.
*Do not use if package is torn or damaged.
*Pull the needle cap straight off to  avoid damaging needle point.
*Avoid piercing the needle through the wall in hard plastic container it may result in needle blockage.
*Reuse of product may lead to cross contamination / infection.
*Store in cool , dry and insect free place.
*Avoid exposure to excessive heat.
*Avoid exposure to acidic / corrosive fumes to avoid corrosion / rust.
*Do not use if previously opened or pouch damaged..
*Check the syringes for visual manufacturing defects / crac before using  to avoid loss of medication.
*Reuse,?  of product may lead to cross contamination / infection
*Before using  rotate the needle clockwise to ensure proper fitment on the barrel  nozzle.
*Pull the needle cap straight off to avoid damaging needle point.
*Avoid piercing the needle through the wall in hard plastic container it may result in needle blockage.
* Do not inject a medicament in blood vessels which is not to be injected interavenously, aspirate to confirm that needle is not in a blood vessel prior  injecting  medicament.
*Please  discard in a sharps container.
*Store in cool , dry and insect free place.
*Avoid exposure to excessive heat.
*Avoid exposure to acidic / corrosive fumes to avoid corrosion / rust.
3. FOR S.V.
*Do not use if previously opened or package damaged.
*Reuse of product may lead to cross contamination / infection.
* Please discard in a sharps container.
*Store in cool , dry and insect free place.
*Avoid exposure to excessive heat.
*Avoid exposure to acidic / corrosive fumes to avoid corrosion / rust.
*For single use only.
*Do not attempt to reinsert a partially or completely withdrawn needle to avoid puncturing catheter..
*Reuse of product may lead to cross contamination / infection.
*Store in cool , dry and insect free place.
*Avoid exposure to excessive heat.
*Avoid exposure to acidic / corrosive fumes to avoid corrosion / rust
* Sterility guaranteed if package is not opened or damaged.
*Avoid direct contact of blade with corrosive local anasthetic.
*Do not recap after use.
*After use place product in puncture resistant container and dispose properly.
*Store in cool , dry and insect free place.
*Avoid exposure to excessive heat.
*Avoid exposure to acidic / corrosive fumes to avoid corrosion / rust.
*Do not use tubes after there expiration date..
*Store tubes at cool place , avoid exposure to excessive heat.

The role played by HMD to bring the AD Syringes in curative sector?

HMD has been educating Public Healthcare Officers of the need for injection safety via AD Syringes. Field staff of HMD have conducted CME Programmes w.r.t. the usage of Auto disable syringes & importance of AD Syringes for curative purpose in almost all the leading hospitals in India. As far as govt. sector is concerned, HMD has regularly been participating in AD Syringes tenders of State Govt. HMD has been sending communication to the various state Govt. Officials, emphasizing on importance of AD Syringes for curative sector

The state which gave more response for AD Syringes?

Karnataka, MP, Delhi, North East states, Orissa, Kerala, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Jharkhand have been more progressive and receptive to modernize

Vision – Role of Regulator

Vision- Role of Regulator is to work with industry in transparent manner, Supervise directly/ through Accrediated and competent Conformity Assessment agencies, Aim to promote public trust in Indian industry, Provide guidance & advice to the Industry for meeting legal obligations. While keeping in mind the, safety of consumers the regulator needs to facilitate the growth of Industry. For stopping Injection Reuse Regulators can be more proactive on suomoto basis as has been the case with Uganda and Nigeria (and soon to be followed by Zambia and Tanzania) in raising the bar of product standard and restricting availability of standard disposable syringes in private sectors like slums and rural areas with clinics run by Quacks

What are the correct number of inversions for the various HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes?
  • An inversion is one complete turn of the wrist, 180 degrees, and back. Tubes should be inverted according to the following recommendations:
  • SST and serum tubes – 5 inversions
  • Additive tubes (EDTA, heparin, etc) – 8-10 inversions
  • Sodium citrate tubes (blue top) – 3-4 inversions
What are the different types of IV catheters?

There are various kinds of IV catheters that have different clinical uses. The different types of catheters used have been mentioned below:

  • Peripheral Catheter
  • Midline Peripheral Catheter
  • Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter
  • Central Venous Catheter
What are the recommended storage conditions for Blood Collection Tube?

The Blood Collection Tubes should be stored at cool a place, exposure to excessive heat should be avoided.

What are you your sales or market share targets?

Not less than 70% market share – sustained Market Leadership

What changes in techniques are necessary when using an auto-disable syringes?

Do not push the plunger forward to avoid activating the Reuse mechanism.
Draw back the plunger only once.
It’s not necessary to aspirate when injecting EPI Vaccines.

What coatings layer the walls of HMD Vaku-8 Serum and SST tubes?

HMD Vaku-8 Serum and SST tubes are coated with silicon and micronized silica particles to accelerate clotting. A silicon coating reduces adherence of red cells to tube walls. The silica coating can sometimes cause the inner tube wall to appear cloudy and/or filmy. This cloudy appearance is normal and does not affect use.

What is a 3-way stopcock? How is it used in the field of medicine?

A 3-way stopcock is an auxiliary product used for intravenous transfusion of blood or medicinal fluids with the help of I.V. cannula.

What is a female luer lock port?

A 3-way stop cock has two female luer lock ports situated where delivery lines are connected.

What is a male luer lock port?

A 3-way stop cock has a male luer lock port situated at the side where the infusion device (I.V. Cannula) is connected.

What is a scalp vein set used for?

Scalp vein set are especially designed for venepuncture to ensure minimum discomfort to patients during infusion. In addition, the scalp vein sets are also used for injecting small volumes of medication, blood derivatives, blood sampling, irrigation of wound and saline injection. HMD offers state-of-the-art scalp vein sets from two trusted brands-Scalpvan and Unolok.

What is a stopcock in medical terms?

A stopcock is a form of ball valve used to control the flow of a liquid or gas. There are several types of stopcocks, including needle valve, burette stopcocks, vacuum stopcocks, 1, 2 and 3-way stop cock.

What is a winged infusion set used for?

A winged infusion set, also known as a Butterfly IV, by HMD is designed to administer fluids, drugs as well as for blood sampling with the help of a surgically implanted vascular port. The winged infusion set is made from non-toxic, medical-grade PVC compounds to ensure ease of use and safety. Vaku8 is one of the top and best brands of blood collection tube offered by HMD.

What is advantage of HMD being an indigenous company to Indian customers?

Easy availability of product, providing cost competitive products to the consumers, consistent pricing

What is an example of a safer needle device?

Dispojekt Safety Needle with SIP designed by HMD is a classic yet modern example of a safe needle device. Designed keeping in mind the safety of medical workers, the safety needles come with a unique locking mechanism to prevent accidental needle stick injuries.

What is company’s expectation in regard to growth and Govt. Policies?

As AD Syringe is primary targeted for public healthcare consumption initially, the growth is dependent upon Government policies. If the Government is smart and willing to invest for the long term benefit in preventive healthcare to reduce noscomial infections they will see the benefits of this technology. Radial tyres are more expensive than Nylon Tyres. They however last much longer so smart consumer buy them as they are more cost effective.

if Government wants to reduce the ALS (Average Length of Stay) of patients in hospitals and save money – AD Syringes is good starting point to bring about change as SPI (Safer Patient Initiative)

What is so unique about these products?

Auto Disable syringe is a syringe that cannot be reused. It incorporates a mechanism to automatically break or lock the plunger as the injection is being given to make the syringe inoperable for possibly being used for a second time

What is the difference between a two piece & three piece Syringe?

A three piece syringe consist of three parts namely – plunger, barrel & gasket, while a two piece syringe consist of only plunger and barrel.

What is the difference between Catheter and Cannula?

Cannula is a short flexible tube which is introduced into a blood vessel, while Catheter is defined as a tube which is substantially longer than Intra Vascular Cannula for peripheral access to body.

What is the material used for making Gasket?

Gasket is made of natural rubber which has been validated as per ISO: 7886/IS10258 standard for compatibility for wide range of solvents used in medication

What is the most common needle size used for intravenous injections?

Intravenous injection implies that the needle is directly injected into the bloodstream of a patient. Selecting the proper size of a needle is necessary to ensure that the fluids that are administered reach the desired site for optimal response. For intravenous injections, 20-, 22- or 24-gauge needles are used.

What is the purpose of a safety needle?

A safety needle protects patients and healthcare workers from needlestick injuries and further prevents the spread of blood-borne diseases like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV.

What is the success gain by HMD during these years?

Leadership in India and the world. HMD is now one of the Top 5 syringe producers in the world and gained respect and credibility with various public healthcare institutes in Africa and also private healthcare institutions in USA and Europe.

What is your delivery Schedule?

Delivery schedule is usually of 4-6 weeks after receipt of confirmed order for FCL Orders. Specific delivery can be commenced only on receipt of quantity wise query

What is your price?

On receipt of requirement details, quantity wise/size wise and destination port and mode of transportation, we will send our quotation and prices to you

What kind of potential exists for these in the Indian market or have you done some kind of market survey before launching these products?

There exist a large market potential for this product, which is bound to grow thanks to the important role played by Media in enhancing awareness to the general public regarding dangerous effects of reuse of syringes. Before launching the product, we had done clinical evaluations of the product in a few hospitals, in India and in Africa not only for assessing of quality of the product but to get feedback on its relative user friendliness and need for training limited to only introduction of technology

What made you enter this market? Where does HMD stand in the market?

HMD has played the leadership role in injection drug delivery, whether Glassvan Glass syringe. Dispovan Disposable or now KOJAK AD. HMD has been a key driver in the market development not only in India but worldwide for AD Syringes for Curative Injections. HMD is the currently largest manufacturer world wide of curative AD Syringes technology.

KOJAK’s successful usage in international projects such as USA’s ‘Making Medical Injection Safer’ in 10 countries in Africa led to legislative change in countries like Uganda and Nigeria discontinuing the importation of standard disposable syringes and follow a 90: 10 policy. 90% AD Syringes with 10% Reuse Prevention Syringes with/without Needle stick prevention design.

What type of material is used to produce HMD Vaku-8 Blood Collection Tubes?

HMD Vaku-8 Tubes are made of a special formulation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). This special formulation is extremely strong, dimensionally stable, and resistant to chemicals and breakage.

What was the obstacles faced by HMD to bring & popularize the AD Syringe in India?

* Exploding the myth of high prices and unaffordability.
* Exploding the myth of lack of adequate availability and capacity
* Exploding the myth of ‘Hospital Waste Management’ as a substitute for ‘AD Syringes Deployment’ for ensuring injection safety through non reuse.
* Denial of the problem of Reuse of Syringes in public and private healthcare institutes and of unsafe injection practices

When did AD Syringes first time enter the India?

AD Syringes were used in immunization projects by UNICEF/PATH even prior to 2000. For curative injections HMD introduced AD Syringes first time in India in the year 2002

Whether it is acceptable to re-use contaminated single-use syringes?


Which of the following can be used to clean the injection site?

Any of the these : Rubbing alcohol, Soap & Water or Water can be used to clean the injection site.

Which Syringes have the lowest risk of re-use?

Auto Disable Syringe cannot be reused.

Who are the competitors?

Sorry we don’t promote our competitors. Why don’t you find out?

Why are safety needles important?

Healthcare professionals worldwide sustain occupational hazards such as needlestick injuries that can lead to life-threatening diseases. The use of safety needles reduces the risk of exposure to blood-borne diseases and ensures the safety of healthcare workers and patients.